Carl Gustav Jung was
was born on the 26th of July, 1875 in Kesswil, in the Swiss canton of
Thurgau. His parents, Paul Jung and Emilie Preiswerk, had had three other
children, but Carl was the only one who survived childhood. His mother
was from a wealthy family, while his father was a rural pastor in the
Swiss Reformed Church.
Carls childhood was a disrupted one. His mother was a manic depressive.
Carl came to think of his father as the predictable one and
his mother to be problematic he never knew what she
was going to do. Eventually, Paul requested a transfer to a location closer
to where Emilies parents lived, and once this was accomplished her
mental state improved.
Carl was a solitary and introverted child. When he was twelve, he developed
a neurosis. He had accidentally fallen and been knocked out, and it occurred
to him that if this happened often, he wouldnt have to go to school.
Several times after that, whenever he was supposed to go to school, he
fainted. This condition lasted for several months, until he learned that
his father believed that he would never be able to support himself, as
he must have epilepsy. Carl realized what hed been doing was causing
stress on the family. He made a determined effort to overcome this neurosis,
IN the 1880s and 1890s,
the new science of psychiatry was not held in much esteem. But after he
read a textbook on the subject, the young Jung recognized descriptions
that matched his mothers behavior, and he found the scientific reasons
for his own bout of fainting spells. He decided that psychiatry was the
field for him.
He studied medicine
at the University of Basel, and in 1900, at the age of 25, began working
in the Burghölzli, a psychiatric hospital in Zürich, with Eugen
Bleuler. For the next several years Carl studied and published papers.
In 1903, Karl married Emma Rauschenbach, a wealthy Swiss. They would eventually
have five children: Agathe, Gret, Franz, Marianne, and Helene.
In 1906, when he was 40 (and Freud 50), he met Sigmund Freud, and the
two men became close friends for six years, before their differing views
of psychiatric method drove them apart. Both their practices, and their
esteem in the eyes of others, continued to grow.
In 1910, Carl and
several other psychiatrists, neurologists and psychologists traveled to
the United States to introduce psychoanalysis. From this point on, the
profession began to gain hold in the US.
During World War I,
he was drafted into the army to work as a doctor. Since Switzerland was
neutral during the war, soldiers of any country who entered their borders
were interned in segregated camps, of course. Carl was appointed
commandant of a camp for British officers and soldiers.
In October 1925, Carl accompanied the "Bugishu Psychological Expedition"
to East Africa. There, he hoped to increase his understanding of "primitive
psychology" by talking with the natives.
In 1936, he traveled
to the United States again, giving lectures in New York and New England,
and attracting many followers. In 1937 he went to India and began to study
Hindu philosophy. He would integrate this knowledge in his understanding
of the role of symbolism and the life of the unconscious.
Carl had friends and colleagues who were Jewish. During the 1930s, anti-semitism
became virulent in Germany and because he continued contact albeit
of a professional nature only with German psychotherapists who
had declared their support for the Nazis, he was accused of being a Nazi
sympathizer after the war. However, study of his work and writings proves
this is not true. Indeed, in 1943 Karl analyzed the psychology of the
Nazi leaders for the United States Office of Strategic Services.
After the war, Carl continued to work on his theories and write books.
His wife died in 1955. He died six years later, in 1961 at Küsnacht.
He was 86.
See also: Carl
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Swiss People, Jung
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Famous Psychologists, Famous
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