Desmond Tutu Biography
Tutus ambition was to be a physician, but being unable to afford it, he became a teacher instead. He attended the Pretoria Bantu Normal College from 1951 to 1953. Afterwards, he taught at Johannesburg Bantu High School and at Munsienville High School in Mogale City.
Tutu married Nomalizo Leah Shenxane on July 2, 1955, a fellow teacher. They would go on to have four children: Trevor Thamsanqa Tutu, Theresa Thandeka Tutu, Naomi Nontombi Tutu and Mpho Andrea Tutu. All Tutus children went to the Waterford Kamhlaba School in Swaziland.
Tutu continued his
studies, this time in religion, at St Peter's Theology College in Rosettenville,
Johannesburg. In 1960, he was ordained as an Anglican priest. He then
traveled to England to attend King's College London from 1962 to 1966,
earning his Bachelor's and Master's degrees in Theology. While there,
he worked part-time as a curate in several English churches.
He was Bishop of Lesotho from 1976 until 1978, when he became Secretary-general of the South African Council of Churches. From these positions, from 1972, he worked against apartheid (South Africans form of government in which blacks and whites were separated). Indeed, he was jailed briefly- in 1980 after a protest march.
In 1990, Tutu founded
the Desmond Tutu Educational Trust, with Professor Jakes Gerwel.
He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984, the Albert Schweitzer Prize for Humanitarianism in 1986, the Gandhi Peace Prize in 2005 and the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2009.
He has not rested
on his laurels, however. He continues to speak out against oppression
wherever he finds it, from the abuses of power in Zimbabwe (the former
Rhodesia), Chinas treatment of Tibet, Israels treatment of
the individuals in the Gaza Strip, and so on.