Barack Obama Biography
Barack Obama Biography
Barack Obama was born on August 4, 1961 at the Kapi'olani Maternity & Gynecological Hospital in Honolulu, Hawaii.
His mother, Stanley Ann Dunham, was an American, and his father was Barack Obama, Sr., a member of the Luo tribe in Kenya (at that time called Kenya Colony, as it was a protectorate of Great Britain). Anns first name, Stanley, was a family name, she went by the name Ann.
met in 1960, when they both attended a Russian language class at the University
of Hawaii. They married on February 2, 1961. However, they separated shortly
thereafter, and would divorce in 1964. Baracks father remarried
and returned to Kenya where he became a senior governmental economist,
before dying at the age of 46 in 1982 in a car accident. Barack has several
half-brothers and a half-sister on his fathers side of the family.
His mother returned to Hawaii in 1972, and remained until 1977, pursuing post-graduate work at the University of Hawaii. She then returned to Indonesia to carry out anthropologist studies.
After Barack graduated
from high school in 1979, he moved to Los Angeles to attend Occidental
College. In 1981 he transferred to Columbia University in New York City.
There, he majored in political science, specializing in international
relations. He graduated with a B.A. in 1983, at the age of 22.
Obama moved into the education field. He became a Lecturer at the University of Chicago Law School from 1992 to 1996, and a Senior Lecturer from 1996 to 2004, teaching the subject of constitutional law.
Also in 1992, Obama married Michelle Robinson, whom he had met while they worked for the same law firm. (Michelle also studied law at Harvard University.) The couple married in October 1992, and they have two daughters, Malia Ann (born 1998) and Natasha (called Sasha, born 2001).
In 1993, Obama joined
Davis, Miner, Barnhill & Galland, a 13-attorney law firm that specialized
in civil rights litigation and neighborhood economic development.
Politics: the Illinois Senate
Obama was elected to the Illinois Senate in 1996, representing the 13th District, which at that time spanned Chicago South Side neighborhoods from Hyde Park-Kenwood south to South Shore and west to Chicago Lawn.
Once elected, Obama gained bipartisan support for legislation reforming ethics and health care laws. He sponsored legislation to increase tax credits for low-income workers, negotiate welfare reform, and promote increased subsidies for childcare.
He was reelected in 1998. In 2000, he ran for the U.S. House of Representatives, but lost the Democratic primary to four-term incumbent Bobby Rush . He won relelection to the Illinois senate in 2002.
In 2004, Obama ran for the U.S. Senate, and was elected. He subsequently resigned from the Illinois Senate to take his new post.
in the election made him a rising star within the national
Democratic Party. People started speculating that the presidency might
lie in his future. His memoir, Dreams from My Father, was reissued.
Obama was sworn in to his new position on January 4, 2005. At this time, he was the only African-American member of the senate.
On February 10, 2007, Obama announced his candidacy for president of the United States.
First he had to win
the Democrat partys nomination, defeating Hilary Clinton in the
process. He chose Delaware Senator Joe Biden as his vice presidential
running mate, and then began campaigning against Republican challenger
John McCain and his running mate, former Alaskan governor Sarah Palin.
First Hundred Days
are generally given a report card after their first hundred
On February 17, 2009,
Obama signed into law the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009,
a $787 billion economic stimulus package which was planned to help the
United States economy recover from the recession that had hit in 2008.
Obama also started a program to outreach to the Muslim world, while at the same time retaining the United States ties with Israel, a program that has had limited success to date.
program is health care reform, which is still struggling through the Senate
to find some form that both parties can agree on.